Guide to Adhesives in Picture Framing

Written by Mark Rogers

It may be tempting to use any household glue or adhesive tape for all your picture framing, but each type of picture framing adhesive is specially made for its own specific purpose.

Using other multipurpose glues or adhesive tape can result in discoloration, deterioration or even damage to your art or frame. Nobody wants that! Instead, here are a few tips that can help you prevent an expensive or irreversible adhesive mistake.

Photo Mounting Adhesive

The most common place to use adhesive in picture framing is attaching the photo to the mount board or mat board, depending on the method you choose. There are many different photo mounting techniques, each using a different type of adhesive: hinging tape or tissue, spray adhesive, and wheat or rice starch paste.

Hinging Tape and Tissue

Hinging tape can serve two purposes: it can be used to mount your photo to a mat board and to hinge the mat to the mount board. Hinging tape is thicker than hinging tissue, the latter of which is a transparent, thinner version that is used on translucent or lightweight artwork. These often use either a pressure-sensitive or water-activated adhesive.

Lineco’s Self-Adhesive Hinging Tape, Tyvek Tape, and Self-Adhesive Hinging Tissue all use a pressure-sensitive acrylic adhesive that is considered archival quality. Lineco’s Gummed Paper Hinging Tape and Gummed Linen Hinging Tape, which are made for heavier prints and artwork, both use a water-activated adhesive made with carbohydrate and protein, which features a neutral pH and is deemed safe for photos.

When I'm framing prints, Lineco’s Self-Adhesive Linen Hinging Tape is my personal favorite. Because it is a pressure-sensitive tape, it's quick and easy to use. I use it for both hinging the mat to the backing and for hinging the print. For museum-grade framing or when mounting artwork on very thin paper, the hinging tissue should be used instead of hinging tape to hinge the artwork.

Most household pressure-sensitive tapes — office tape, masking tape and duct tape — should never be used in picture framing. The adhesives used in these products vary but can contain synthetic or natural rubber. Rubber-based adhesives can become yellow, oily and sticky as they age, damaging your artwork. Acrylic adhesives, on the other hand, are much more stable over time and do not significantly discolor.

Spray Adhesive

Spray adhesives are used in wet mounting applications and are irreversible. There are many different types available, but one of the most common is 3M Super 77 Spray Adhesive from Scotch, a multipurpose adhesive made with synthetic rubber. Incredibly strong, it's ideal for scrapbooking and other framing projects where the longevity of the artwork isn’t a consideration.

Starch-Based Adhesives

Some of the oldest types of adhesives — used by ancient Egyptians to bind papyrus — are starch-based pastes. They're made by cooking either rice or wheat. Starch adhesives are often used with special Japanese paper in conservation framing; the Lineco Museum Mounting Kit contains wheat starch adhesive, Japanese mulberry paper and linen cloth hinging tape.

The benefits of using starch adhesives are that they're reversible (meaning the artwork can be removed from the mount or mat board) and considered safe to use in preservation framing. On the downside, starch adhesives are weaker than acrylic or rubber adhesives and shouldn’t be used with heavy artwork. They also may be a little fussier to work with, especially for someone who does not mount a lot of art. But the sophistication of the end result may be worth it.

In conservation-style framing, you can also use non-adhesive techniques. These methods involve photo corners and strips, where the adhesives never come in contact with the artwork.

Dust Cover Adhesives

In my article titled How to Attach a Dust Cover to a Picture Frame, two types of adhesives are discussed: ATG tape and liquid PVA glue.

Adhesive Transfer Tape

ATG tape, aka adhesive transfer tape, uses a special dispenser gun to apply a thin layer of adhesive. The three Scotch adhesive transfer tapes carried by Frame Destination — including Gold 908, 924 and 969 — use a pressure-sensitive acrylic adhesive. Scotch Gold 908 is acid-free, but none of the adhesive transfer trapes should be used in direct contact with artwork.

Polyvinyl Acetate (PVA)

PVA glue is a versatile adhesive used in all types of projects, not just picture framing. Other names for the same product include "wood glue", "school glue" (Elmer’s Glue, known all across the U.S., is a type of PVA glue) and "white glue" due to its color before drying. Liquid PVA (if formulated for use in conservation projects) can be used for attaching dust covers or items in a shadow box. It's also good for scrapbooking. Lineco’s archival adhesive is one such PVA glue, and it is safe to use in framing projects.

Summing Up Adhesives

The right adhesives play an important role in picture framing. They can help you avoid damaging your art and preserve it for years to come. Whether it’s a photo-safe liquid glue or a roll of ATG tape, professional and amateur framers alike have their favorite adhesives when framing their art, each ideal for a specific purpose.

For a deeper dive into the world of adhesives and mounting, check out the "Mounting and Laminating Handbook" by Chris Paschke, sold right her on our website.

Do you have your own favorite picture framing adhesive? Let us know below!

Last Updated November 2, 2020

Share This

14 thoughts on “Guide to Adhesives in Picture Framing”

  • Kathleen Sipple
    Kathleen Sipple October 29, 2018 at 6:39 am

    3m photo Mount spry has been my favorite for 30yrs. It cant be beat!!!

    Reply
  • Tom Smith

    Gudy V is great for pressure mounting although totally irreversible - It's meant for book binding and is archival. I also like Jade PVA adhesive with a linen tape when the artwork is very heavy. Again it can't be removed but its archival and holds weight very well.

    Reply
  • Giuseppe

    What's your suggestion to avoid that when a photo is glued to a rigid mount it may not remain perfectly flat ?

    Reply
    • Laura W

      Hi Guiseppe - there are several mounting options outside of the glue as well. If you absolutely need to use the glue, you can apply it to the mount board and then then use scrap sheets or cardboard to spread it evenly across the board before you place the art down. You can also use an adhesive mounting board or a spray adhesive to create a more even application.

      Reply
  • Shade with rice paper?
    Shade with rice paper? July 14, 2020 at 8:52 am

    What is the best glue to use to cover a metal light Shade with rice paper?

    Reply
  • Amy

    We have a large canvas print that is laid over a 1 1/2” thick styrofoam piece and has a backing board adhered to the canvas on all 4 edges. I’m assuming they did it this way so it wouldn’t be really heavy. The backing is peeling off causing the picture to slant off the wall. What could I use to re-adhere the canvas to the backing?

    Reply
  • Matt

    I am trying to mount a foam mat board which has artwork printed on it to a shadow box that will be hanging on the wall. Unfortunately the foam board has warped and so is no longer completely flat (it bows slightly in the middle). I tried using hinging tape but that didn't work as the foam board fell down. What adhesive would you recommend? I don't know how strong the PVA type glues are if something isn't flat and so would naturally be pulling away? Thanks

    Reply
    • Laura W

      Hi Matt - I'm not sure how warped it is. I would suggest possibly trying to flatten it before you attempt adhesives. Possibly lay a sheet across the art (or something that will protect it) and then apply weight on top for 24-48 hours (ex. a coffee table book).

      Reply
  • Ronna

    I’m mounting a silk scarf on archival foam core. What frame tape should I use to just support it. Can I just sandwich between the plexi and the back in the frame?

    Reply
  • Peter

    Hello. The product I am looking for may not actually exist! So I want to put some photos in albums. I think "sleeves" are boring so I want to use white background pages. Traditional "magnetic adhesive" pages apparently can damage the photos. But I can get white mat backgrounds (no adhesive on the page) with a mylar page cover. The challenge is how to affix the photos so they stay in place. I don't want to use a permanent glue as I am then stuck with that layout forever and the photo cannot be moved. Is there a tape or some other adhesive that does not damage the photo that would keep it in place but allow the photo to be removed down the road? Any ideas? Thanks.

    Reply
  • Wayne

    Hello, I am a complete novice at framing, with zero experience. I have 4 paintings on papyrus that I bought in Cairo when I was traveling in Africa and Europe. One of them is fairly large 4’6”x3’ and the other 3 are much smaller 17”x14”. I would love it if I could get some advice on how to go about framing them. I would like to show the “live edge” but also have a black boarder around it. What do I use for backing, how do I attach the papyrus to the backing, should I cover it in glass directly on the painting or make it like a shadow box? I know it’s a lot to ask but I need the advice as I am fairly clueless! Lol oh yeah, and broke or else I’d have it professionally done! I am pretty handy so, I should be able to handle the job with the right guidance. Thank you in advance!

    Reply
    • Heather

      Hi Wayne,
      I would suggest checking with a professional framer near you who can advise on something this delicate.

      Thank you!
      Heather

      Reply
  • Boris

    Hi, I've come across this blog post while searching for an alternative to Daige Rollataq liquid adhesive. I used that with a roller applicator for making stereocards in the late 1990's to the early 10's, then took a break from that artform. Now getting back into it, I find the Daige product is no longer available. I cannot find any reference online that describes what the Daige product is exactly... is it a PVA glue? I found it very effective for mounting resin coated photo papers (i.e. not porous) to archival museum board (quite porous). The Daige system involves a roller applicator, for applying the adhesive to the back of the artwork (in my case the resin coated photo/print paper). After adhesive is applied I just drop the print down onto the museum board with a little bit of tweaking to exactly position the print(s). It was very convenient. Are you (or anyone reading this) familiar with the Daige Rollataq adhesive, and can you recommend a comparable alternative?
    Best regards from central Virginia.

    Reply
  • Bethany

    I have a silk(?) embroidery project to reframe. To keep it from sagging again, is there a recommended adhesive that won't damage or leach through? It did sag, because only the cloth backing was mounted and there was some sagging over time of the embroidered fabric on the front. I could gently peel it off, but don't know what the adhesive was. I'm so afraid of ruining this......thanks

    Reply
    • Heather

      Hi Bethany,
      For a delicate project like this, I would recommend checking with your local professional framer to see what is recommended.
      We carry many tapes and some glues for projects like this, but its always good to double check.

      Thank you,
      Heather

      Reply
  • Esther Bennett
    Esther Bennett March 25, 2021 at 6:13 am

    Hi Heather,
    I’ve brought some frames and backing card to put silk paintings from China in. Which glue wouldn’t show through the fine white silk, or bleed.
    Many thanks
    Esther

    Reply
    • Heather

      Hi Esther,
      Thank you for reaching out to us! For a project like this, we would recommend checking with a professional framer to make sure you are using the correct glue or adhesive for this delicate material.

      Have a great day!
      Heather

      Reply
  • samantha

    hello, would love some advice. i have 3 small pieces of paper art that i’ve attached to 3 small pieces of mat board (attached using paper mending tape). i now want to affix those three smaller matboard pieces (each holding one of the 3 small pieces of art) to a backing board. i’m not concerned about damage to the art because the art is protected by the backing board. my question: how to attach the smaller pieces of mat board to my backing board? what about glue, as that’s the easiest to execute. if so, what kind of glue. the mat board art pieces are small 9”x6”. i just want to be sure they don’t fall over time.

    Reply
    • Heather

      Hi Samantha,
      You can also use tape, here is a link to look at what we carry- https://www.framedestination.com/framing-accessories/photo-mounting-supplies/hinging-tape-tissue.html
      Please let us know if you have any other questions.
      Have a great day!
      Heather

      Reply
  • Mark

    I am an artist who is currently figuring out the best and safest way to mount very large 150cm x 250cm RC (plastic) photo prints to sheets of aluminum composite. The museum-quality way of course involves sheets of either heat or pressure-sensitive mounting tissue, but I don't have access to that sort of machinery. I have figured out a way to accurately position and glue my prints to my metal sheet using 3M photo mount, and I have read of tests done that suggest that plastic (RC) photos may not degrade during the coming decades at least due to the spray glue. But of course every museum preparator I know is horrified by this solution. I have tried PVA glues...but as the plastic photo and metal sheet essentially create an air-tight seal, the glue simply does not dry.

    Any ideas would be most welcome!

    Reply
    • Heather

      Good afternoon Mark,
      For something like this, it may be best to check with your local framer. I'm sure there are some adhesives or spays that would not negatively impact the photos onto this type of medium.

      Have a great day!
      Heather

      Reply
Add a Comment: