In many cases, framing art with a protective glazing is a good idea, but glass isn’t suitable for all types of art. Printed artwork such as photographs are generally fine with glazing, and the right choice of glass or acrylic combined with a quality picture frame can help prevent the deterioration of photo paper over time.
Paintings are a different story from printed art. Oil or acrylic paintings are not always framed with glazing, and sometimes it is better not to use glazing, regardless of whether it’s glass or acrylic. Art prints or photographs can usually come in contact with glazing without harm. But the same isn’t true of painted surfaces because direct contact with any material, including glass or acrylic glazing, can very quickly damage the surface of the painting by smearing, chipping, or sticking to the paint. Also, one of the wonderful qualities of paintings is the textural surface of the painting itself, especially if the painter used heavy brush strokes, spackled on gesso, or troweled on thick paint with a painting knife as an integral part of the artwork. Such details can be damaged or obscured by glazing, which makes them more difficult to see and creates separation between the viewer and the art.
For these reasons, when you frame an acrylic or oil painting, it’s generally better to avoid glazing. However, that means you must take special care of the artwork to keep it in the best possible shape and to avoid damage.
Care of Framed Paintings
To keep a painting in beautiful condition, it’s important to make sure that no one touches it with their fingers or any other implements. If you have an occasion such as a dinner party or another event where there will be a sizeable group of people in attendance, you may want to hang a small plaque besides the painting asking people to look but not touch, or even create a clear plastic “shell” that can be temporarily installed over the picture frame. If the gathering is going to be especially crowded or could potentially get rowdy, you may even opt to take the painting down and store it in a safe place.
Dust and dirt can become attached to the surface of a painting, dulling the colors and damaging the artwork. Careful dusting prevents dust from accumulating and sticking to the surface of the paint. A soft artist’s brush is the best tool to use. Look for a flat brush that is about two or three inches wide with soft, springy, gentle bristles. Inspect the painting before dusting. If there are any chips or cracking paint, it’s not safe to dust the painting because you may further chip the paint and brush it away from the painting. If the surface is intact, very gently dust the painting. A strong light will help you see where there is dust or quickly catch any flaking of the surface paint so you can stop before causing damage.
Where to Hang Paintings
Location can also help protect your unglazed artwork. If you have children or pets in your household, hang your painting where they can’t touch or brush up against it. Oil and acrylic paint are both sensitive to temperature (although the specific range of temperatures that affects each is different). Warm enough temperatures soften the surface of a painting, making it more susceptible to damage by touch or by collecting dust and dirt in the paint. Avoid hanging paintings near heating vents, fireplaces, or any place that receives a lot of direct sunlight or heat. Also, dust paintings on cooler days when the paint is not softened to avoid causing brush damage.
Painted artwork can be a wonderful addition to your home, adding charm and vitality that printed artwork cannot match. Although most paintings are not protected by glazing, some careful work and the right location can keep a unique piece of artwork in beautiful shape for many years to come.